How to vote using STV   How candidates are elected    How votes are counted

STV - It's Simple To Vote

At elections for district health boards and some local authorities voters use the "Single Transferable Vote" (or "STV"). On this site you can find out:

How to vote using STV

It is simple to vote with STV. Instead of putting a tick beside the candidates you want to vote for, you rank them with numbers.

How candidates are elected

In an STV election, candidates must reach a certain number of votes to get elected. If one or more candidates doesn’t get enough votes, or if they get more than they need, their votes are transferred to their voters’ other preferred candidates.

How votes are counted

Voting is easy with STV. The vote counting is more complex and that's why a special computer programme has been developed.

In 2022 STV is being used to elect members of these local authorities:

  • Dunedin City Council
  • Far North District Council (1st time)
  • Gisborne District Council (1st time)
  • Hamilton City Council (1st time)
  • Kaipara District Council
  • Kapiti Coast District Council
  • Marlborough District Council
  • Nelson City Council (1st time)
  • New Plymouth District Council
  • Palmerston North City Council
  • Porirua City Council
  • Ruapehu District Council
  • Tauranga City Council
  • Wellington City Council
  • Greater Wellington Regional Council


Click here to see a demonstration of how candidates are elected in an STV system.